Phonograph Annotated Bibliography

Journals and Conferences

Carlson, R.E. 1954. Resonance, tracking, and distortion: An analysis of phonograph pickup arms. Journal of the Audio Engineering Society 2:3 151–62.

Dieter, N. 1960. Mechanical impedance at the stylus and the design of stereo phonograph cartridges. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Meeting of the Audio Engineering Society.

Goldmark, P., Snepvangers, R., and W. Bachman. 1949. The Columbia long-playing microgroove recording system. Proceedings of the IRE 37: 923–7.

Roys, H.E. 1968. The RIAA Engineering Committee. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Audio Engineering Society.

Roys, H.E., ed. 1978. Disc recording and reproduction. Stroudsburg: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross Inc.

Roys, H.E. 1953. Distortion in phonograph reproduction. Journal of the Audio Engineering Society 1:1 78–85.

Smeby, L. 1942. Recording and Reproducing Standards. Proceedings of the IRE 30: 355–6.

Internet Resources

Animation of stereo groove modulation

Gramophone Wikipedia article

RIAA dimensions and standards for 33, 45, and 78 rpm records

RIAA equalization

Manufacturing vinyl discs

Vinylrecorder lathes.

Image to audio conversion - MUMT611 Slides

Sound Reproduction RD Page